Bangsa Moro, History, political, socio-cultural

America and the Bangsa Moro through the years

The so-called Moro Conflict in the Philippines, which arguably does not end with the creation of the Bangsa Moro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM), can be traced back to the United States of America. The various Moro Sultanates did not have a shared history with the conquered peoples of Luzon and Visayas. The Moro… Continue reading America and the Bangsa Moro through the years


Speaking in webinars this October 2020

This month, instead of attending webinars, I was asked to speak in two of them. The first was on Oct. 10, 2020 by a US-based group Kinding Sindaw. October has been celebrated as the Filipino-American History Month in the United States since 1992. As part of the the Fil-Am History celebration, I was asked to… Continue reading Speaking in webinars this October 2020

Bangsa Moro, History, Newspaper article, political, socio-cultural

Bud Dajo Massacre

Last March 7 was the 105th anniversary of the Battle of Bud Dajo, the massacre of some 600 Moro men, women and children by the officers and men of the United States Armed Forces, with some (Christian) Filipino soldiers. In 1999, I wrote a newspaper article on this episode of Moro history to commemorate the… Continue reading Bud Dajo Massacre